Tisha B’Av July 21, 2018 (9 Av 5778)

… misfortunes befell our fathers … on the ninth of Av. …On the ninth of Av it was decreed that our fathers should not enter the [Promised] Land, the Temple was destroyed the first and second time, Bethar was captured and the city [Jerusalem] was ploughed up.

Mishnah Ta’anit 4:6

Tisha B’Av is observed on July  22, 2018 (9 Av 5778)

Tisha B’Av (the ninth day of Av) is the day of communal mourning, mainly to commemorate the destruction of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem (586 BCE and 70 CE, respectively).  Since the 9th of Av is Shabbat this year, the observance starts after Shabbat on the 9th of Av and ends at nightfall the 10th of Av.

Typical observances of Tisha B’Av include:

¨ Fast from sunset on the 8th of Av to nightfall on the 9th of Av  (work is permitted – but focus of the day should be mourning)

¨ Do not: wear leather footwear, bathe, apply ointments/creams, study Torah, send gifts, or greet each other

¨ Eat a joyous pre-fast meal before sunset –  The meal ritual is different on years when Tisha B’Av does not fall on Shabbat

¨ Havdalah is recited on Sunday night (omit blessings on the spices and candle) – Again, this is because observance falls on Shabbat

¨ Tisha B’Av Evening Services and chanting of Lamentations – Saturday, July 21, 9:15 pm

¨ Shacharit service without tallit or tefillin – Sunday, July 22, 9:30 am

¨ Give extra charity on the day

Services at Beth David will be held:
Erev Tisha B’Av service, Saturday, July 21, 9:15 pm
Tisha B’Av morning minyan, Sunday, July 22, 9:30 am
Tisha B’Av afternoon mincha, Sunday, July 22, 5:30 pm

Tisha B’Av is the culmination of a three-week period of increasing mourning, beginning with the fast of the 17th of Tammuz, which commemorates the first breach in the walls of Jerusalem before the First Temple was destroyed. During this three week period, weddings and other parties are not permitted, and people refrain from cutting their hair. From the first to the ninth of Av, it is customary to refrain from eating meat or drinking wine (except on the Shabbat) and from wearing new clothing.

The restrictions on Tisha B’Av are similar to those on Yom Kippur: to refrain from eating and drinking (even water); washing, bathing, shaving or wearing cosmetics; wearing leather shoes; engaging in sexual relations, and studying Torah. Work in the ordinary sense of the word [rather than the Shabbat sense] is also restricted. People who are ill need not fast on this day. Many of the traditional mourning practices are observed: people refrain from smiles, laughter and idle conversation, and sit on low stools.